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Defect or Bug or Error?

Defect or Bug or Error?

Defect is a bug or an error in the application or software. A developer while developing or designing the application can make mistakes or error. This mistakes or errors are the flaws in the application or software. There are known as defects.

When expected result differs from the expected output while testing the application or product then it come out to be a defect. Therefore an deviation from the requirement specification mentioned in software functional specification document is a defect. Defect is called differently in different organizations like bug, issue, incidents or flaws.

While testing software or an application if large number of error or defects were found then the software application is called Buggy.

Whenever the testing team finds a defect or a bug, the tester is required to convey the information about the defect to the development team. The testing team reports the bug or defect with detailed steps, the reports are called Defect Report or Bug report.

The Defect or Bug Report consists the following information:
  • Defect ID- Unique identification number for every defect or bug.
  • Defect Description- The abstract of the defect in written under this heading.
  • Detailed Steps- It includes the steps in detail through the issue is recreated along with screenshot attached.
  • Date Raised- The date when the defect is reported or raised.
  • Reported By- The reporter of the defect.
  • Status- Status includes the status of the issue like New, In progress, Open, QA Assigned, Closed, Failed, Deferred etc.
  • Fixed By- Details of the developer who fixed the defect.
  • Date Closed- The date when the defect is fixed.
  • Severity- Severity tells about the impact of the defect or bug in the software. Severity can be Critical, Major or Minor.
  • Priority- Priority refers about the order of fixing the defect can be made. Priority can be High, Medium or Low.